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A Decade of Success!

Step 1 - Reconnaissance

The first and most important step of a penetration test is reconnaissance. The main objective is to gather information about the target system which can be used in a malicious manner to gain access to the target systems.

Successful reconnaissance can often be successfully achieved through passive steps such as social engineering. Here, the hacker will attempt to 'probe' relevant personnel into revealing sensitive information. Unlisted phone numbers, passwords and even sensitive network information are often divulged by unsuspecting employees and managers. Other techniques used include 'dumpster diving' where an organisation's waste is searched for redundant sensitive information such as passwords.

Active reconnaissance refers to the probing of a network in order to detect possible routes to access. These may include:

  • Accessible hosts;
  • OOpen ports;
  • Location of routers;
  • OS details; and
  • Details of services;

At the end of this stage an intelligent attack strategy is compiled based upon relevant findings.

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About Us


Fields Associates is a consultancy firm specialising in digital forensics, security and electronic discovery who have, following our formation in 1999, assisted numerous high-profile and prestigious clients from solicitors firms, law-enforcement agencies and numerous organisations within both the private and public sectors.

Technology now plays a prominent role in our everyday lives and the need to have a robust, skilled and reliable team of experts to hand cannot be understated. Irrespective of whether you require assistance discovering evidence stored on any kind of electronic device, an expert report or witness testimony to assist with litigation or to implement new and more dependable information security systems, Fields Associates has the expertise and experience to meet your needs.

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